GELDING , -but, m. Castrated stallion. Because of the right flank, he left the regulatory commander in his huge gray Merine. Kubrin, overnight.
◊Like a blue megrin ( Simple. ) - brazenly, shamelessly lying. [Drops:] And went, and went, and lie as a blue megrin. A. Ostrovsky, Labor Bread. Stupid (stupid) as a blue Merin ( Simple. ) - about a very stupid person. - In the mid-cha lonaving! - indignant Kystunov, nervously shudding his shoulders. - Stupid as a blue Merin, damn it. Chekhov, defenseless creature.
Source (print version): Dictionary of the Russian language: in 4 tons / wounds, Institute Linguistich. studies; Ed. A. P. Evgenaya. - 4th ed., Ched. - M.: Rus. Yaz.; Poligraphressurs, 1999; (electronic version): Fundamental electronic library
A source: "The Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language" edited by D. N. Ushakov (1935-1940); (electronic version): Fundamental electronic library
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People who are not engaged in horse breeding are not strong in terminology. Often they cannot understand what the word "Merin" means. Let's try to figure it out. Merin is a horse, only neutered. Connon named Pars Parelli once called such animals the best. In this article, you will find a description of Merin, the features of its character, as well as the arguments "for" and "against" castration.
Why do you need castration?
The stallions are most often castrated for use in equestrian sports and agriculture. For subsequent dilution, no more than 20% of all animals leave. Before this is a thorough selection of the best individuals. This number of males is enough to continue the genus. What is the purpose of the connants take this measure?
By nature, the horse is herd animals. They in the blood laid down the leadership. Men's individuals conquer females and, as a result, stand up for them in all situations. If in one flock there are two stallions and more, then they compete with each other. This can lead to serious injury to animals and even people working on the stable. Castration leads to a change in a hormonal background, which reduces the aggressiveness of the horses.
Differences from stallions
The main postulate, which you need to know, sounds like this: both Merin, and stallion - male individuals. Reproducible and fruitless animals are very difficult to distinguish with appearance. There are a number of other features for which you can do it. It is the opinion that castration is a mockery of animals, but it is not at all. Horse Merin is not crippled and not deprived of the nature of the animal. This is a special, which has better qualities to work with people and participating in sports.
To begin with, you should go deep into the terminology. The stallion is a horse that has reached puberty and ready for mating. Merin is a neutered horse male. So, what is the difference between Merin from the horse? First, he has a calmer and flexible character. Secondly, Merine has a higher efficiency.
- Merine character
- Before spending castration, it is necessary to weigh all the pros and cons of this procedure. In addition, the individuality of each individual should be taken into account. What features is the castrated animal?
- Hardworking. According to statistics, Merin is a horse, which is characterized by high labor efficiency. It is these animals most often used as knocked horses. It is directly connected with the spirit of rivalry in the herd. Castrated males do not participate in the struggle for females, which means that they do not take into contractions with other individuals and are not distracted. They spend less strength to foreign things and are better concentrated at work.
Calm. Of course, it is impossible to take it away from the horse his ardent temper, but it is quite realistic to make an animal more fit. To do this, spend castration. For the reason that the Merinov will not raise hormones, they are more often used in horseback clubs when learning new riding riding. Stallions can suddenly make a "surprise" and draw up, and only professionals can cope with them in this situation. There are quite a few cases when aggressive stallions crossed connants and riders. Calm is also useful on the Manege, because often several riders are engaged in training.
Endurance and stress resistance. Merines are able to withstand heavy loads. They also resist various external irritant factors that distract the stallions.
- Pluses castration
- Below are a number of reasons for which castration horses should be made:
- Presentable appearance. Merines have a better appetite compared to non-recorded individuals. Many horse-athletes and exhibition representatives are Merines.
The stability of the hormonal background manifests itself in the taste qualities of meat after the animal slaughter.
Merines are not captivated from herd, so it is easier to monitor them than freedom-loving stallions.
Character of stallion
The horse Merin, the photo of which is presented in this article, is fundamentally different in character from the stallion. The disrocated horse is constantly fighting for leadership in herd. Nature in it laid a desire to become the first among any rivals, conquer females and proceeding for them. The spirit of rivalry with other male individuals is an integral characteristic of the stallion. Therefore, the need for castration is determined by the behavior of the horse.
- Do you need castration?
- Based on the above brief descriptions of the character of the stallion, think about it so it is necessary to castrate it.
- If the horse male is a representative of good breeds, then it is impossible to carry out castration. Animals that have excellent physical and mental characteristics are needed to continue the genus. Therefore, it is necessary to find an approach to them and put up with their ardent temper.
A stallion can be aggressive, violent and extremely active. It carries a potential danger to a person. However, it is precisely such individuals with the greatest desire for victory, which is very valued in horseback. Therefore, professionals can turn non-scientists in real champions. Castra makes the animal calm and kills the desire to lead in it. Rise up from Merin a high-class athlete will be very and very difficult.
If the male has a normal character, manifests leadership and does not behave aggressively towards people and other animals, it does not require castration.
On the one hand, this procedure pacifies the recalcitrant animal, but on the other, the horse Merin loses interest in what is happening and is no longer striving for leadership, and this is very appreciated in sports.
In addition, castration leads to serious changes in hormonal background. The horse Merin (without eggs) has reduced metabolism, so its muscles are covered with a layer of fat without proper physical exertion. Castrated individuals are inclined to gain an excess body weight.
Where do Merinov use?
What does "horse Merin" mean? Most people allocate in these animals such a feature as infertility. However, this is not the only reason for which Merins are familiar to residents of almost all corners of the planet. Such individuals are widely used in agriculture and even in the production sector, as they possess calm temper and good physical characteristics. Many farmers know about their hardworking and high concentration.
Merin - a horse, which shows high results in sports, especially in such disciplines as dressage and jumping. They focus on competition and do not show aggression towards rivals. Castration affects the ability of animals to increase muscle mass in front of the body. Therefore, Merines are very graceful animals with high maneuverability.
Features of the procedure
Above, we told what horse is Merin. It's time to figure out how to castration.
First remove the seeds. They produce men's hormones, and are also responsible for the presence of genital instincts. Currently, the veterinarians refused to "live" operations, as they are unsafe and painful for animals. Modern procedures are carried out with a preliminary immersion of a horse for general anesthesia. In other cases, analgesic drugs are crushed with an animal. It is the use of anesthesia that allows the male to stand during the operation, and this is very important for the physiology of the horse. The procedure takes no more than half an hour. On the day of operation, the animal can move, eat and even walk. After about 10 days, you can proceed to light training, and in a month, Merin is able to make competitive jumps.
After half a year, the restructuring of the organism of the animal to the new way is completed. For this reason, the connants are trying to make an operation to remove the semenniks as early as possible until the character of the horse has been formed. It is believed that castration should be carried out aged 4-5 years. However, these temporary frames are very conditional. The operation can be done in 6 or 7 years. The main thing is that the character is still at the formation stage. Otherwise, from some habits, the animal is no longer saved.
For castration, the early spring or late autumn is best suited, since at this time the insects cease to dismiss the horses. In the summer, the animal can be affected by various diseases, which will not benefit him.
Merin's horse in the 17th century received great popularity. Argamaki - so called Turkish and Polish horses - were extremely expensive animals. The cost of such a handsome was estimated at 15 rubles, while simply good Merine could be purchased for 2-3 rubles. Of course, prices and ordinary horses sometimes rose to 10 rubles, but they still asked for Argamak anyway. In the 17th century, the horses were not only a sign of wealth. An animal was determined whether a person was suitable for service. So, to go hiking, it was necessary to have at least two horses. After all, without them it would be impossible to escape from the enemy or catch it up. One animal was considered "Stroyev", and the other is a clockwork. They put on a bag saddle on him and it was not that he did not spare in battle.
Argamak possessed amazingly beautiful appearance, he could be completely white or spotted. Such animals were graceful and stronger. Most often they were bought by children of wealthy boyars. The horse was sold with a specific inventory, for example, with a saddle and a musty. The cost of these "accessories" was directly dependent on who made them: the more reasonably the master was, the more money had to pay. The most expensive saddles were sold at 4-5 rubles. It was believed that they were the most exquisite.
The horse belongs to the detachment of non-parlance from the class of mammals. Men's individual can call either a stallion or Merin. The first view is able to give offspring, and the second is not. Differences in appearance in animals are not observed, only character and habits are distinguished.
The stallion is kept, first of all, to remove the offspring. Merin is a horse that does not participate in the continuation of the kind, so its destination is somewhat different. Such an animal is used in agriculture or equestrian sports.
All sensible dictionaries determine the meaning of the word "Merin" as a neutered horse.
First of all, the castrated animal demonstrates the best results in horseback sport, first of all, in the competitor. The horse after castration does not increase muscle mass and stably maneuverable.
Merin is a balanced and peace-loving animal. If the horse is to leave the stallion, then his character with age may not "subside", it will remain fervor, hormones often lead to aggression. Not neutered horses often show disobedience, the viciously set up to competitors - other individuals of the male.
Many veterinarians and specialists in collecting horses are still asked: what is Merin, is castration needed? However, they all recognize - the individuals become endless, which is important for agricultural needs and industrial use. In addition, if you grow horses on meat, then castrated animals are characterized by improved taste. Naturally, if care for them was correct.
Features of nutrition
Merine need to feed less, as it is reduced by metabolism. Animals are more likely to load physically so that there is no excess weight. A stallion, gaining a body weight, is becoming embossed muscles, and neutered - covered with a layer of fat.
Often it can be noted that in large flocks the Merine is held by separate groups.
Conduct operation or not?
Large risks Castration does not bear. The stallion is removed by the ovaries, part of the seed canopa and shell. Sperm production ceases instantly.
Before you decide on castration, you must select the best individuals from the total gene pool. As a rule, only 10% of the entire herd remains the stallions. Such individuals have tribal potential.
In young age, the animal of male is usually capricious. Constantly manifests sexual interest in female individuals. With the age of "bad" habits become the norm. It is not developed by the best features of character. Some young animals even show a trend towards membership. Therefore, if there is no potential for the reproduction of offspring the horse, then it is better to castrate an animal.
But it is worthwing to know that Merin is not the animal, which after castration will completely change its habits and bad manners if they have already fixed. Therefore, the operation is recommended to be carried out no later than 18 months from the genus.
There are cases when a neutered horse continues to show sexual interest after the operation, such individuals are called "proud hardware". This confirms the fact that testosterone is produced in the body, and sperm is not.
The main thing is to castrate to understand possible consequences. Merin - who is it? This is not a new animal and not a new character. If aggression has already been formed, then there is a high probability that it does not disappear. Therefore, it is very important to assess the character of the stallion and its prospects as a manufacturer and only then to invite the vet to carry out the operation.
Period of operation
The ripening period of the stallion is the best moment for castration. If the herd is big and consists of female and male individuals, then the operation is better to spend with the onset of 1 year so that the horse selected for castration does not cover the mare. In the period from 18 to 24 months, the stallion is already beginning to show strong aggression in relation to the surrounding animals, this happens under the influence of hormones.
It is recommended to castrate and those horses that are not only aggressive, but also quickly gain muscle and fat weight. In this case, the operation can be carried out from 6 to 8 months.
Castration is better to carry out early in spring or late in the fall, then the healing process is faster, there are no flies on the street and other harmful insects. Low atmospheric temperature contributes to rapid removal of swelling. The owner of horses should always remember sterility and hygiene in the stable.
Preparation for the operation
It must be remembered that the future Merin is, above all, a living being, so you should not give it into the hands of inexperienced surgeons.
Prerequisitely performed a turn of worms and vaccination. The list of vaccinations depends on the terrain, but mandatory for all injections from encephalomyelitis, influenza and ropneumonia.
The doctor will preliminarly acquainting with the nature of the animal, examines it, studies individuals. It is desirable that the stallion to surgery already had a certain experience and was not afraid of medical manipulations.
Possible complications after surgery
Any surgical intervention is huge risks for the health and life of the animal. The main complication is the swelling, which eventually can move to your feet. Cold compresses help to many Merinam, but often you have to resort to a cut for drainage.