E202 - preservative, dietary supplement: dangerous or not

E202 - What is this secret code? In this review, we will talk in detail about the additive, which is very often found on the labels of different products and gained a huge distribution over the past few years.

Are there any nutritional supplement E202?

E202 - What is this secret code? In this review, we will talk in detail about the additive, which is very often found on the labels of different products and gained a huge distribution over the past few years.

What is it? What features do you have?

What is it - a preservative E202, how can you call it otherwise? it Sorbate potassium - Fully synthetic additive, not occurring in nature. The synthesis method is as follows:

  • The basis is a sorbic acid;
  • It is neutralized by potassium hydroxide.

Conservative E202 - inhibitor of the development of several types of microorganisms (fungus, bacteria, mold, yeast). The main property of the component is an increase in the storage of finished products. Food manufacturers are very likely like this element and add it to many products - it helps to increase resistance to external manifestations and prolongs the shelf life.

An important characteristics include such parameters:

  • Looks like white large-frame powder;
  • Does not smell;
  • Taste - sharp, bitter;
  • Great soluble in water.

Now you are familiar with the main features of the product - it's time to explore why it was created.


The E202 food additive has an amazing feature - the possibility of "canning" products, extend the shelf life, produce resistance to external stimuli.

Thanks to antibacterial properties, the E202 preservative is tremendous in the food industry. It prevents the development of mold, the appearance of fungus, rotting and fermentation processes in the following products:

  • Dairy and dairy products;

  • Sweet soft drinks;
  • Reframing baking - confectionery and bakery products;
  • Dried fruits;
  • Sauces and mayonnaise;
  • Jam and jams;
  • Sausages;
  • Meat and fish conservation.

This mark on the label ensures that open or closed packaging contains a high-quality product with an acceptable shelf life. It will not deteriorate, will not lose quality and taste properties.

You learned that it is a preservative E202 in dried fruits and other products. Separately, it is worth talking about wines:

  • Wine - product fermentation of wine and sugar;
  • The cooking process implies the occurrence of yeast crops that cannot be removed;
  • Potassium sorbate helps to slow down the growth of bacteria without stopping it completely.

In dry white and red wines, having a long exposure time, the component is not added. The maximum rate is 200 mg per liter of a funny fluid.

Let us note other areas of industry, where Kalolia sorbate has found its use:

  • Cosmetics;
  • Detergents;
  • Food packaging;
  • Packaging products.

Now you know for sure that it is a food additive E202, why it is needed and where it is used. Talk about the useful and harmful properties of the element?

Benefit and harm

It is dangerous or not a nutritional supplement E202, is it possible to eat it in food? At the moment, scientists have made a unanimous decision - this preservative does not have a negative impact on the human body, does not distinguish toxins and does not have mutagenic and carcinogenic properties.

However, to understand whether such products are harmful to eat, you need to remember one simple truth - there is a permissible daily rate:

  • 25 mg per 1 kg of human mass.

Can sorbate potassium E202 be useful for a person? Partly yes - and that's why:

  • It has antifungal effect when entering the gastrointestinal tract - improves microflora.

It will not be superfluous to recall that the uncontrolled use of any component in food can lead to the occurrence of allergic reactions. That is why it is important to know the permissible norm.

What Harm for man Appendix E 202 can carry with regular non-valid use?

  • The occurrence of allergies as irritation on mucous membranes;
  • Stimulates the appearance of irritation of the oral cavity and the development of stomatitis;
  • May cause premature childbirth;
  • With incorrect combination with products containing iron salts and ascorbic acid, can turn into benzene. This is a rather harmful carcinogenic element;
  • It is not necessary to combine this additive with E211 - it will increase the fall in the body of harmful substances.

Conservative E 202 is an harmless element, with proper use you have nothing to fear. The human body perceives the substance as fatty acid, and therefore:

  • Splits;
  • Sucks;
  • Uses the component.

As a result - internal organs and cells do not store traces of additive.

We reviewed the influence on the organism of the E202 food additive and not only - now you know the features, scope and accurate definition. Save our bookmark review - information will help you understand the intricacies of the composition of different products. Now you know exactly what food products are safe for a person!

Various nutritional supplements and chemical compounds are thoroughly entered into the current industry, many of them are found in food products, and one of them is a dietary supplement E202. What it is, is there any benefit from it and what harm will be considered in this article.


What is E202.

E202 Food additive is a fine powder or snow-white granules. She does not have the smell, but the taste is slightly bitter. The substance from caustic potassium and sorbic acid is manufactured. It has the property to slow down and inhibition of the development of microbes and bacteria, but it is not possible to completely prevent their appearance.

Due to such properties, the dietary supplement is often used in industry to extend the expirational terms. It slows down the development of microbes, but it should be added only in hygienically pure raw materials, only then the additive will work. In our country, the E202 is permitted, which is confirmed by GOST.

E 202 Food additive - what is it

Benefit and harm E202

Very often, people are afraid of various labels on packaging food, household chemicals or cosmetics, no exception and food additive E202. Her harm is not proven by scientists, therefore we can safely argue that the substance does not pose a threat to the human body.

However, it is not necessary to abuse it to those who are inclined to allergies. The fact is that this dietary supplement can provoke itching, urticule and other symptoms. Especially animated opponents of food additives argue that it is impossible to use them, including sorbate potassium. Nevertheless, there were no cases of severe allergic reaction to it or other preservatives. If you get into the body, the food additive E202 is completely absorbed and is displayed.

Doctors have permissible standards for adding to food. For each product, they are their own, which is regulated by the control bodies.

Harm food additive E202

Application of food additive in industry

E 202 is added to canned fruit products, in the manufacture of sausages, during cheese, manufacturing various confectionery products. Often E-202 is used in a complex with sodium benzoat (E211), lactic acid (E270) and sorbic acid (E200).

However, on this circle of its use does not end. E202 can be seen as part of a variety of dairy products, in the production of canned fish, wines. It is used in surface processing of packaging for various products, dried fruits, bakery products and bread.

Sorbate of potassium is still present as part of mayonnaise, mustard, sauces, jams, jams, juices, mashed potatoes. In fact, the area of ​​application of additive is simply huge and many of the foods contain this inexpensive and easily-friendly additive.

Potassium sorbate is used in leaving and decorative cosmetics for the same purposes. Add to liquid soap, hair shampoos, washing gels and other goods.

The scope of the food additive of the potassium sorbate is very extensive, it is very simple and convenient to apply it at the expense of excellent solubility in water.

Check out the video about food additives and GMOs:

Conservative E202: What is it? How bad is it?

We have already ceased to be surprised that fish or sausage can be stored for several weeks in the refrigerator, while they do not spoil, not covered with mold. But before the shelf life of the products was very small. It's all about special additives that can extend the life of products. There are many different, below we will tell about E202. This preservative is the most popular, it most often can be seen on the packaging.


Names of food additive E 202 (Sorbate potassium)

Basic Name of Food Supplement E 202: Potassium Sorbate.

Alternative names:

  • Potassium sorbate,
  • E 202,
  • E-202.

Preservative E202.

The benefits and harm of preservative E202

Physical properties

Potassium sorbate is from white to pale yellow crystals or crystalline powder. Odor, easily absorbs moisture, the oxidizing decomposition is accompanied by a color change. Potassium sorbate dissolves in water, 67.6g / 100 ml (20 C), 5% saline, 47.5g / 100 ml (at room temperature), 25% sucrose, 51 g / 100 ml (at room temperature). Dissolution in propylene glycol, 5.8 g / 100 ml; Ethanol, 0.3 g / 100 ml. 1% aqueous solution Sorbate potassium pH7 ~ 8.

Chemical properties

It has the ability to strongly inhibit the damage of bacteria and mold, as well as due to low toxicity compared to other preservatives, he became the world's leading security preservatives for human health.

Corrosion protection

Sorbate (Potassium) can not only effectively inhibit mold, yeast, and aerobic activity of bacteria, but also prevent close-fliplium botulism, golden staphylococcus, growth and distribution of harmful microorganisms, such as Salmonella. Eosinophils anaerobic Bacillus lactobacillia and other useful microorganisms that inhibit the development of harmful organisms practically ineffective. The effect of conservation is 5-10 times higher than from similar sodium benzoate.


Since potassium is an unsaturated fatty acid, which can be absorbed by the body, the rapid decomposition of the metabolic system of carbon dioxide and water is performed without a residue in the body. Its toxicity is 1/2 of the cook salt, the sodium benzoate is 1/40.


Sorbate in the sealed state is stable, easily absorbs the effect of water, performs oxidation of wet air and changes the color. Preferred stability for heating - the decomposition temperature is up to 270 C.

Toxicological assessment

Potassium Sorbat has been studied toxicity to assess its safety. The safety assessment method in accordance with GB15193.1-21 "Procedures for assessing the safety of food products toxicology" makes it possible to get closer to the exact level of toxicity, the genotoxicity of potassium sorbate, etc. As a result of the test of acute toxicity on mice LD50 = 1 300 mg / kg, low level.

According to the results of the test, the microeer, the traditional test of teratogenicity, potassium did not cause any genetic toxicity; 30D The body supply test of the body of animal, routine blood and serum ALT, BUN, GLU, TC, TG was not significant, toxic effects (p> 0.05). Potassium sorbate is a safe, relatively non-toxic food additive, can be used for various types of food and beverages.


E 202 can effectively inhibit mold, yeast and aerobic activity of bacteria, so as to effectively extend the shelf life of food, and maintain the original food taste.

Cosmetic preservatives. Preservatives of organic acids are usually added in an amount of 0.5%. It can be mixed with sorbic acid. When used, it should be noted that 1% aqueous solution of pH 7-8, with the pH value, tends to increase.

Application E 202 in productsBuying a package of canned food, in the composition you can see the words "sorbic acid" or "potassium sorbate", people often mistakenly believe that the fruit ingredients can be natural. In fact, ordinary food additives are used! If they have no harm to the human body, the use is permissible.

Sorbic acid is recommended FAO and WHO. The preservative is widely used in food, beverages, tobacco, pesticides, cosmetics, etc. As an unsaturated acid, can be used for resins, spices and rubber industries. From the development trend, its range of application is constantly expanding.


Potassium sorbate with base, oxidizing agent, and the reducing agent is incompatible. When a collision with a non-ionic surfactant and plastic sorbate, antimicrobial activity will be reduced. A heavy metal salt is capable of catalyze the oxidation reaction. Sorbic acid can react with gray. If the solution is stored in a glass container, it becomes sensitive to the pH. Thus, the use of potassium sorbate as a preservative in the composition saved for a long time, it is necessary to detect microorganisms.

Method of production

The sorbic acid is added to the reactionary teapot, followed by adding 66% by weight of water, 49% of potassium hydroxide solution is added dropwise to the reaction solution at 45 C, until pH = 8, the reaction takes about 45 minutes. Consequently, add a certain amount of activated carbon. Then perform vacuum filtering. Further at 40 ~ 45 C of the evaporator 3 ~ 4 h is heated to 70 s. After reaching the desired discharge of the filtrate under reduced pressure, centrifugation crystals are dehydrated. It turns out a waste liquid. Then dried to produce a product at a temperature of 105 C.


There are three varieties:

Sorbic acid

Sorbic acid is not dissolved in water, but when used, it must first be dissolved in ethanol or potassium hydrosulfate, irritating and uncomfortable to use. Acid is usually not used;

Calcium Sorbate

Calcium sorbate toxicity is less than that of benzoic acid and parabens. Calcium Sorbate FAO / WHO predetermined a small range of use, so it is rarely chosen.

Sorbate potassium

Potassium sorbate dissolves in water, so we can often see their shadow in some drinks. Potassium sorbate is an unsaturated carbonate. Sold on a general market in the form of white or pale yellow granules, content 98% -102%. Odly, easily absorbs moisture, oxidizing becomes brown. Optical, thermal stability, relative density 1.363, melting point 270 s, decomposition of pH 1% solution: 7-8.

Despite this, the composition of children's food and beverages cannot be used sorbic acid. Let only the sorbate of potassium.

What is it? What features do you have?

What is it - a preservative E202, how can you call it otherwise? it Sorbate potassium - Fully synthetic additive, not occurring in nature. The synthesis method is as follows:

  • The basis is a sorbic acid;
  • It is neutralized by potassium hydroxide.

Conservative E202 - inhibitor of the development of several types of microorganisms (fungus, bacteria, mold, yeast). The main property of the component is an increase in the storage of finished products. Food manufacturers are very likely like this element and add it to many products - it helps to increase resistance to external manifestations and prolongs the shelf life.

An important characteristics include such parameters:

  • Looks like white large-frame powder;
  • Does not smell;
  • Taste - sharp, bitter;
  • Great soluble in water.

Now you are familiar with the main features of the product - it's time to explore why it was created.

Also cinnamon and cassia

What is a preservative E220?

Preservatives in dried fruits destroy all bacteria and vitamins of Group V. Keep vitamin C. Full name - sulfur dioxide. Present in the composition of almost all wines. Normalizes the color and prevents acetic whisening. Also used in conservation of berries and fruits.

Preservatives in dried fruits: E220, E211, E202, E200. Table in the food industry, harm, effect on the body

Preservative toxic, it is not added to baby food. All dried fruits of vegetables and fruits have an E220. It prevents rotting. A preservative is added in minimal dosages, and serious poisoning occurs only when inhaling pure sulfur dioxide.

Where the additive contains

It is really easier to say where the substance under consideration is not. You will find potassium sorbate on labels:

  • butter;
  • margarine and spread;
  • meat delicacies;
  • fish smoked and canned food;
  • alcoholic and carbonated sweet drinks;
  • mayonnaise;
  • mustard;
  • ketchup;
  • canned vegetables;
  • fruit compotes;
  • juices.

Many milk products and cottage cheese desserts contain it, as well as jams, confitures, mashed pots. There are a lot of preservative in dried fruits, sluts (and including chocolate), baking. The use of additive is allowed everywhere.

E211: description, appointment

Synthetic preservative. Kills yeast mushrooms and mold. Used cosmetics and enters the body through the skin.

When using above, the norm causes cancer. Such a preservative can be often found in mayonnaise, calamity, cosmetics, oils, various gas stations and sauces. It is also found in confectionery, fruit, canned fish.

In each of the listed products, sodium benzonat is within the limits of permissible norms. But the regular use of confectionery, mayonnaise and other refills exceeds this rate.

In combination with some dyes, such a preservative negatively affects the child's nervous system, makes it inhibited in mental development and hyperactive.

It is impossible to use preservative allergic and asthmatics.

Small doses can prevent Parkinson's disease. But such experiments are confirmed only on mice. To the end, it is not investigated how the preservative in small doses affects.

What is E 202: how dietary supplement is dangerous for a person, the effect of preservative on the body

Food additive E 202 (potassium sorbic acid salt) is a synthetic compound that is not found in nature. The synthesis of this substance is carried out by affecting the sorbic acid of potassium hydroxide, as a result of which it is neutralized.

The advantage of the compound obtained is that the potassium salt is well dissolved in water. This feature, as well as the absence of potassium and odor's sorbate, make it possible to use its preservative properties in the manufacture of almost any food.

What is an E 202 additive?

The potassium salt of sorbinic acid is a food preservative, the mechanism of action is to inhibit the growth and development of pathogenic microorganisms, mold and yeast fungi, as a result of the vital activity of which foods are spoiled.

For disinfection of food and beverages, the preservative E 202 is not suitable, since its action does not cause the death of microorganisms, but only delays their development.

Application area

Industrial use of preservative E 202 is a struggle with the growth and development of mold fungi, yeast fungi, some types of bacteria. The result of its application is a significant increase in the timing of storage of finished food products.

Contents in food

The E202 preservative is contained in many food products of various categories:

Surface treatment of a potassium salt of sorbic acid takes place bakery products.

The average content of sorbate potassium in food products does not exceed 0.2% of the total mass of the finished product.

Application outside of food production

A potassium salt of sorbic acid and other types of production is used. In particular, the chemical - in the manufacture of cosmetic and detergents.

The role of this compound and in the production of packaging materials is great.

Effect of potassium sorbate on the body

Despite the fact that the potassium salt of sorbic acid is considered to be relatively safe to the human health chemical, it still has a certain influence on the body.

The study of this compound shows that the addition of E202 is capable of causing some sensitization of the body, that is, is a weak allergen.

The E202 effect on the DNA structure has been established. But the mutagenic effect is possible only under certain conditions: with a combination of ascorbic acid, iron salts and a potassium salt of sorbic acid.

Taking into account all these features of the synthetic additive, the daily dose of consumption of potassium salt of sorbic acid for humans is limited and is 12.5 mg per 1 kg of body weight. This rate is periodically revised in accordance with the studies conducted in this area.

When calculating the consumption of food additives, it is necessary to consider that potassium sorbate is often used complete with other preservatives. The most popular combination: preservatives E 202 plus E 211. Therefore, the actual content of food additives may be higher than the calculated one. And their impact can cause real harm to organism.

Supplement E 211 (Sodium benzoate) is able to enter into a chemical reaction with ascorbic acid and iron salts with the formation of benzene, which is a carcinogen. But the carcinogenic effect of preservative E 202 is not installed.

Some researchers note the positive effect of potassium sorbate on the body associated with its overwhelming activity regarding the growth of some pathogenic microorganisms.

The plus of this dietary supplement is also the fact that, due to good solubility in water, it is quickly excreted from the body naturally. Remove an excess substance from the body can be used by the forced diurea.

Hazard additive E 202

The use of an increased amount of potassium salt of sorbic acid can lead to negative reactions:

According to research, an increase in the content of potassium sorbate in a person's body to a concentration of more than 5 g per kg of weight is dangerous for life.

(While no estimates) Loading ...


Packaging E202.

The preservative is packaged into polyethylene bags that are tightly tied.

Potassium sorbate is packaged for retail in plastic bags.Potassium sorbate is packaged for retail in plastic bags.

E202: Characteristic

It has low toxicity, struggling with fungi and yeast. It is also used in the preservation of fruit, the salinity of meat, in yogurts and sauces. The only harm that delivers this preservative is allergic With a large rebupping in the body. Otherwise, all scientists agreed in one opinion - the preservative is absolutely safe.

Promotes fermentation, which is necessary when serving vegetables. The dose of such a preservative should not be higher than 0.2%. In small doses of E202 fights fungi in the intestines and improves the operation of microflora. It is not carcinogen and does not cause cancer.

E202 Food supplement is dangerous or not

If you use the E202 additive in permissible doses, there will be no harm to health. It is permitted in Russia, Ukraine, EU countries. However, not all manufacturers adhere to the norms and are reinsured so that their goods are not spoiled.

But even with the use of individual products, in which the dose of preservative is normal, there may be brute force over the total number of compound. Indeed, in recent times it is added to a significant list of goods. For a day, it is impossible to use more than 25 mg of substances for each kg of weight.

E202 is harmful

Potassium's sorbate as a food additive is used for more than a century and clear information about the E202 is harmful or not yet detected. For all the time, the use of a preservative from negative manifestations was only allergic reactions. Moreover, any other preservatives that are used in conjunction with E202 can cause them.

Do not forget that the harmlessness of the preservative will be only subject to the accurate dosage. For any product, the share of the content of potassium sorbate should not be greater than 0.2%. If this quantity is not respected, the effects of use will be very sad. E202 acid and overdose a negative impact will be rendered to the area of ​​the oral cavity and stomach.

KJ with exceeding the permissible E202 standard can provoke premature genera in pregnant women, gastric bleeding, violation of the kidney activities and liver. In the case when the proportion of potassium sorbate in the body is greater than 5 g per 1 kg of body weight, it can lead to a fatal outcome. But in order to achieve such a result, it is necessary to use the preservative with spoons that of course a normal person will not be deliberately doing. Daily dosage of potassium sorbate - no more than 20 mg per kilogram of weight.


What is preservative

Preservative E202.

Preservatives include a wide group of substances that are designed to counteract the development of bacteria. Thanks to the addition of such chemical agents in food, it is possible to significantly increase product storage period. The most famous preservatives, which were used since time immemorial, can be attributed honey, sugar, salt, wine, acetic and citric acid, alcohol. They were still applied long before the development of the chemical and food industry. However, today we are still preparing pickles or canning vegetables and fruits from the country area.

Preservatives can be natural and synthetic. And preservatives that are not always synthesized in the laboratory will be more dangerous to human health than created by nature. According to the impact method of a substance of a similar class, they are divided into those that modify the medium, thereby seeking the destruction of bacteria, and on those that oppress the vital activity of harmful microorganisms.

Preservatives E211 E202.

Taste and smell

Much can also be smelling products. If there is a fragrance of smoke, such fruits were processed by an accelerated way. This method is not natural and includes gas or gasoline treatment.

The taste they will also differ from those that dried in the sun. Possible flavor of gasoline. When processing, an acidic taste appears, which will interrupt the notes of natural taste.

Preservatives in dried fruits: E220, E211, E202, E200. Table in the food industry, harm, effect on the body

Preservatives in dried fruits: E220, E211, E202, E200. Table in the food industry, harm, effect on the bodyRules for the choice of dried fruit

Fruits dried in the Sun are radically different in taste in comparison with those that dried in the oven. Natural dried fruits in large quantities are found in Abkhazia. If one time in life taste natural delicacy, then you never confuse it with a chemically treated substitution.

Hazard class of food additive Sorbate potassium (E202)

Sorbate potassium as a dietary supplement is considered safe: it is non-toxic, does not ignite and does not apply to the category of explosive compounds. The substance belongs to the 4th class of danger.

It is recommended to work with it in protective equipment and comply with the safety requirements.

Production facilities in which work with a sorbate of potassium should be mandatory equipped with a supply and exhaust ventilation.

List of foods containing food additive E202

The list of products where the sorbic acid salt is used is very large:

  • non-alcoholic and low alcohol drinks, wines;
  • mayonnaise, sauces, including soy, tomato paste, mustard, ketchup;
  • jam, jam, nut pastes, syrups;
  • cakes, products with cream (croissants, rolls);
  • candy, especially with fruit or whipped filling, marmalade, marshmallow, grazing;
  • cottage cheese desserts, ice cream (in the composition of topping);
  • dried fruits, concentrated juices and other semi-finished products for fillers;
  • margarine, culinary fatty mixtures;
  • Presserves, crab sticks, fish pastes, caviar;
  • melted cheeses;
  • bakery products.

In the case of using any food additive (stabilizer, dye, preservative, emulsifier, flavoring, etc.) it must be indicated in the composition.

Negative action

Sodium benzoate can form benzene. This happens if the substance reacts with ascorbic acid. As a result of this interaction, a strong carcinogenic substance is formed, which can harm DNA mitochondria, which in turn entails the emergence of serious diseases.

Preservative E202 harmful

In the modern scientific community there are hot disputes about the effect of E211 on the hyperactivity of children. In view of this, large food producers have taken measures to search for alternative substitute for this substance.

In some states, there is a ban on the use of preservative E211. In Europe and the CIS, this food additive is permitted. In addition to the food industry, sodium benzoate is used in pharmaceutical and aviation industry. This substance is also used to obtain a sound effect in fireworks.

Preservatives E211, E202 and a number of other substances are indispensable in modern society. It is they who allow you to get and use products from the other end of the world. Without their use, it would be possible to forget about overseas juices and exotic fruits, oriental sauces and swiss chocolate.


See also:

Origin of food additive E 122 (Azorubin)

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Is it possible to e202 pregnant

The only category of the population, which this preservative is to avoid, are pregnant women. Like any chemical element, the E202 can badly affect the course of pregnancy and the overall picture of the development of the fetus. For the most future mothers, the use of products with this additive can be threatened with nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and other unpleasant manifestations.

Manufacturers and where can I buy?

The largest supplier of the ingredient to the world market is China. Following it goes Russia. Next, the substance is packaged and sold under many TM. Buy E 202 in pharmacies or supermarkets will not work. The ingredient is available on the Internet, both for food and cosmetic purposes.

Before frightening the words "food additive," should be sorted out that it is hidden, what kind of substance. The use of preservatives greatly facilitates food production. Potassium sorbate is allowed in many countries and is considered a safe substance, although its dosage is strictly regulated.


2 - artificial


  • https://specii-pripravi.ru/e202-pishchevaya-dobavka-opasna-ili-net/
  • https://vkusologia.ru/dobavki/konservanty/e202.html
  • https://znay.co/58-konservant-e202.html
  • https://vseotravleniya.ru/polza-vred/sorbat-kaliya.html
  • http://fb.ru/article/146989/konservant-ie-ie-osnovnyie-harakteristiki-primeneniya.
  • https://foodandhealth.ru/dobavki/sorbat-kaliya-e202/
  • http://bazadobavok.ru/pishevye-dobavki/e202-potassium-sorbate-konservant.php.
  • https://pro-allergen.com/e-202.html
  • https://dobavkam.net/additives/e202.

Sorbate potassium (E202)The potassium salt of sorbic acid is known in the food industry as a potassium sorbate. Widespread use of the substance is due to its properties: the additive is a powerful preservative, it suppresses the growth of bacteria and mushrooms. By adding it to food, manufacturers seek an increase in their storage and shelf life. Given this that the E202 supplement itself costs very cheap, it gradually begins to push out the rest of the preservatives from the compositions of the products. Doctors and nutritionists just pleases, as the world community recognized this preservative harmless and safe for humans.

Description of the preservative E202 and the process of obtaining it

Potassium sorbate is a white powder in fairly large granules. It does not smell, but leaves a bitter aftertaste. The substance is well soluble in water, partly that is why it can be added to almost any products.

By its chemical origin, the additive is a salt of sorbic acid. This acid in nature is contained in the bone and juice of rowan. For the first time, it was found by researchers in the late 60s of the 19th century, but at that time she did not give much attention. Therefore, the antimicrobial properties of the acid for the first time began to study only in 1939, and in the fifties, the sorbic acid has begun to produce on an industrial scale and use as an antibiotic.

The preparation of potassium sorbate occurs in the process of neutralizing the acid by potassium hydroxide. For this, the bones of some plants are used, as well as rowan juice. However, an E202 additive is not always a natural origin - in some cases it is mined by the synthesis of chemicals of artificial origin.

The mechanism of action of preservative, its scope

No wonder this substance was called a preservative, because it really "preserves" the product from possible fermentation processes, rotting, the appearance of mold and rottenness. The main spectrum of its action is mold and yeast mushrooms, as well as some types of bacteria.

In the cosmetic industry, this property of the substance has found its use - with its help cream, shampoos and lotions receive a longer shelf life.

The winemakers appreciate this component and often use it to prevent the fermentation process of wines, however with some features.

For example, sometimes wine can get in its "bouquet" of a note of pineapple or celery. If there are milky and sour bacteria in raw materials in large quantities, after reaction with the sorbate of potassium, the wine will acquire a flavor and fragrant shade of geranium leaves, which is considered a wine marriage.

SukhofruktyIn addition, the substance is added to food products:

  • Alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, juices;
  • mayonnaise, sauces;
  • cheeses;
  • margarine, dairy products;
  • dried fruits;
  • Canned fish and meat;
  • Confectionery and bakery products;
  • Sausages and sausages.

It is also used in the manufacture of food containers and packaging products.

Additive E202 as a wine preservative: Drink production features

As is known, wine is formed as a result of fermentation of wine materials with the addition of sugar or without it. That is, on the one hand, without the process of formation and growth in the number of bacteria, not a wine. On the other hand, an uncontrolled process of breeding yeast crops will simply spoil the drink. Therefore, many winemakers use potassium sorbate, which does not kill microorganisms, but only inhibits their development and growth.

Specialists, when adding a preservative E202 to drink, take into account the various features of "behavior" of substance in wine. For example, with a decrease in the level of acidity of wine, the activity of the additive increases. In addition, the quantities used in the wine industry do not affect the milk-sour and acetic bacteria, so the drink must first be brought to the corresponding state without the content of these microorganisms.

Potassium sorbate is not added to the product, which must have a long exposure time to spill.

The amount of sugar in the wine-merger does not affect how much additive will need to be used. To calculate the number of preservative, pay attention to the level of acidity, the level of alcohol content and the initial amount of yeast bacteria in the raw materials.

Dry white wineThe EU legislation governs the permissible content of potassium sorbate in wine: no more than 200 mg per 1 liter. In dry white and red varieties of wine, the substance is not added.

Potassium sorbate content norms in food

E202 additive is considered safe for humans. However, this statement works, provided that the dosage of the substance is complied with food. The norm is designed not only for wine, but also for each type of food, non-alcoholic and alcoholic beverages, where manufacturers usually add this preservative.

The general rule looks like this: the amount of potassium sorbate should be no more than 0.2% in products.

For margarine and oil, no more than 120 g per 100 kg is allowed. In mayonuzes, ketchups and mustard can be contained from 100 to 200 g per 100 kg. For sugar and flour confectionery, smoked meat and sausages, canned vegetables, jam, jam, jams, oil creams The norm is also not more than 200 g per 100 kg. In non-alcoholic beverages are provided from 40 to 60 g of potassium sorbate by weight of 100 kg.

Safety and possible harm supplements E202

In almost all European countries, in the USA, Ukraine and Russia, the E202 conservative is permitted for use in the food industry. Research and studies of the substance have shown that it has a weak allergenity, that is, in some cases, it can cause allergic reactions that are expressed in the appearance of irritation on mucous tissues and skin cover.

As for toxicity, mutaging or oncological danger, there are no officially confirmed data from the world community today.

Some critics and opponents of the "chemicalization" of the food industry are nevertheless opposed to the use of a substance, since, most often, it is synthesized from artificially obtained elements, and is an alien to human body, so it can cause human health. In addition, they usually indicate that the additive that has antibiotic properties, in the intestine of a person also behaves like an antibiotic, that is, destroys the useful microflora.

Regarding the possible positive effect of drinking from food, potassium sorbate is also unknown nothing but the fact that it suppresses the activity of harmful bacteria.

Judging by the results of research of doctors, scientists, chemists and biologists, today the sorbate of potassium is one of the most harmless food additives. It helps to extend the shelf life of the products, takes control of fermentation in wines, comes to help in cases where it is necessary to increase the shelf life of hygienic products like soap and shampoos, used in various cosmetics.

The human body reacts to the substance as a fatty acid, completely splitting and absorbing it. None in the organs nor in human cells does not remain traces of Sorbate Potassium.

This component, occurring in sweets, smoked, canned food, meat, fish, dairy products - proof that food additives can be safe and to work for the benefit of man, at least until the opposite is proven.

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E202 - the most controversial food additive

Potassium sorbate is one of the most controversial food additives. This preservative is used for shower gels, creams, auto markets and ... food. Most technologists assure that this supplement is absolutely safe and even indispensable, especially in frozen products. It does not cause oncology, allergies or violation of the hormonal balance.

But not everyone agrees with this, there is also the opposite opinion - the sorbate of potassium, as well as any other preservative, harms health.

If you do not need to be afraid, then why manufacturers often forget it to point out in the composition of products, as the examination of some products show?

From the point of view of technology, add E202 to many frozen semi-finished products is not at all necessary, since after their production (cheesery, cutlets, dumplings, dumplings, etc.) they are subjected to intensive cooling. But the manufacturer is insured, since products from cottage cheese and minced meals are unsafe in terms of the development of microorganisms in them, and to protect themselves at 100%, they thumps this preservative there, so that no infection sticks (he can hold back their development, but not kill if they still appear).

Moreover, it is strange to hide this preservative, given that the E202 is a permitted food additive at a certain concentration. Maybe it's exactly in quantity? What manufacturers exceed the permissible rate of adding?

Manufacturers love him for not smelling, he has a neutral taste, and it dissolves well in water. Therefore, we simply simply do not define this excess, even if I swam in 2-3 times more laid.

It is added to sausages and smoked, cheeses, vegetable and fruit conservation, rye bread, sauces, meat and curd semi-finished products, chocolate and confectionery, can still be added to butter, dried fruits and dry wine.

So what is so terrible in this E202?

E202 - the most controversial food additive

It is safe until the dosage of 0.2% of the mass of the finished product is exceeded or it does not go in combination with nitrites, when genotoxic activity begins to exercise.

Gastroenterologists say that The overdose of potassium sorbate can lead to a change in the intestinal microflora, since this preservative blocks fermentation processes. On the one hand, with it, manufacturers save products from rotting so that we will not be poisoned by them, and on the other, it kills our useful microflora, including. And we immediately do not notice this (in contrast to poisoning), and over time it It will lead to a decrease in immunity (since it is the normal microflora that is responsible for it), impaired absorption of vitamins and minerals, as well as all exchange processes, which ultimately can lead to allergies and constant colds.

In addition, if some square are exempt in the intestines, they do not remain empty, mushrooms and all kinds of pathoral microorganisms are immediately inhabited, and if they are still able to smoke there, then our useful microorganisms will become much smaller, and We eventually get candidiasis (in the prosecution of the thrush). Also can provoke gastritis, ulcers and bleeding.

In some cases may be disturbed by the work of the liver and kidneys.

Pregnant women should generally be careful with products containing a similar preservative, as its oversupply can cause premature labor.

In connection with these doctors, we recommend that we have as little refined products as possible, since it is realistic in the implementation (as a technologist admitted) such products simply cannot be without preservatives, since products with a service life of 24-48 hours are not interested in the network, in networks prefer to sell Products are shelf life at least 1 month. therefore Look for those semi-finished products or finished products that have a short shelf life.

The choice is yours!

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